BOROBUDUR TEMPLE - INDONESIA



Borobudur Temple in Central Java, Indonesia is an ancient monument with no architectural equal throughout the world. The temple was built by Sanmaratungga in the 8th century, and belongs to Buddha Mahayana. The structure, composed of 55,000 m2 of lava-rock is erected on a hill in the form of a stepped-pyramid of six rectangular storeys, three circular terraces and a central stupa forming the summit. The whole structure is in the form of a lotus, the sacred flower of Buddha. The overall height was 42 meters, but was only 34.5 meters after restoration, and had the dimension of 123 x 123 meters (15,129 m2). There were 10 floors. The first floor up to the sixth floor was square form, the seventh to the tenth floor were round form. Borobudur is facing to the East with a total of 1460 panels (2 meters wide each). Total size of the temple walls was 2500 m2, full of relief. The total number of panels with relief was 1212, the total number of Buddha statue was 504 including the intact and damaged statues. The temple undergone restoration from 1905 to 1910, and the last restoration was done in 1973 to 1983.

Links:
Borobudur temple
Buddhanet
Unesco

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