Located just north of Uji, Mampukuji is the headquarters temple of the Obaku sect, founded by Chinese Zen patriarch Ingen (Yin Yuan). He was a refugee from the fall of the Ming Dynasty in 1644. The Obaku sect is one of the largest Zen sects in Japan. The arrangement of temple buildings (important cultural assets) follow the Ming Dynasty's architectural style, representing an image of a dragon. The temple is also famous for the Chinese-style vegetarian diet called fucha-ryori which is popular for its gorgeous appearance and wholesomeness. The treasure house in the compound contains 60,000 printing blocks for a complete collection of the Buddhist scriptures which were completed in 1678. The production of the printing blocks was funded by donations collected throughout the country for many years. These blocks are still used for printing.

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