The Buddhist Somapuri Vihara (temples and monastery) at Paharpur was the largest Buddhist monastery south of the Himalaya, dating back to the 8th Century AD. It is situated in the Naogaon region, Rajshahi District of the northwestern Bangladesh, and it was built on a plain surrounded by an expansive farmland. The site covers eleven hectares, with the ruins of the monks' cells making up the external walls, enclosing a central courtyard. At the centre of the courtyard rises the remains of the 20-metre-high stupa, which dominates the surrounding countryside.

The buddhist world